For some reason, we pay great attention to the insulation and decoration of walls, floors, ceilings and other surfaces in the house, but forget about the basement. The room, which we are used to calling the basement and use for various purposes, for example, to store various things or as a boiler room, has a completely different purpose. The basement of the house plays the role of an air gap. This layer is necessary in order to maintain a normal temperature in buildings, and also does not miss dampness into the house. It is for this reason that the basement should be in good condition. If the basement is damp, that is, the probability of the formation of fungi, which can adversely affect all objects nearby. In order to protect yourself and your house as best as possible, it is necessary to conduct the process of waterproofing the foundation and walls of the basement. Their concrete is said about those who have made waterproofing.
Fortunately, in our time there are a huge number of waterproofing methods, as well as materials that are necessary for this process. In addition, several types of waterproofing are distinguished. One of the species is horizontal waterproofing. In the process of isolation, it is carried out using a solution consisting of sand and cement. This solution is applied to the surface, and is fixed on top with special roll materials. There is also a vertical type of waterproofing. In the process of isolation, bitumen mastic is applied to the walls.
Before he dwells on one type of waterproofing, it is worth knowing as much as possible about what level of groundwater falls on the lower part of the foundation.
If you live in a building without a basement with a low level of groundwater. In this case, the solution of sand and cement is laid in a layer of 30 centimeters. After that it is aligned and rolled materials are established on top. Waterproofing is carried out at a height of at least 150 millimeters from the ground.
In the event that the groundwater level is also low, but the building has a basement, both vertical and horizontal waterproofing are possible. But in this case, there are three arrangement options. It is possible to arrange on the level of the floor, according to the collapse of the foundation and there is an option for staining with hot bitumen mastic.
With a high level of groundwater in a building with a basement, there are also three types of waterproofing. Firstly, it is possible to lay a solution with a thickness of 30 millimeters. Secondly, it is possible to lay roller materials in one or two layers.